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 بحث بالغة الانجليزية عن النباتات الطبية والعطرية =Medicinal and aromatic plants

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تاريخ التسجيل : 23/04/2010
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مُساهمةموضوع: بحث بالغة الانجليزية عن النباتات الطبية والعطرية =Medicinal and aromatic plants   الأربعاء أكتوبر 20, 2010 3:55 am


Medicinal and aromatic plants


He knew the ancient extensive list of medicinal plants and used successfully in the treatment

Fastkhaddmwa harmala plant diseases, for example, treatment of tapeworm came Chemical analysis

Demonstrate that the harmala contains toxic alkaloids and Calharmin Alharmalol and Albiganin affect.

Alkaloids on the tapeworm Vchl movement in and out of the abdomen.

And used these alkaloids on broad medical uses in the treatment of paralysis and inflammation

The brain.

And the use of harmala (green branches) and use Btahnha Balgrgerp in cases of inflammation of

Throat, larynx, added to the water plant in the hot baths to treat rheumatism.

All the medicinal properties of the former plant owned by Sam Kaharml a plant resistant to drought.

Also used Cbachel maize to address the Sand kidney containing Alkubo

Stanin and vitamin B and other beneficial compounds such as vitamin K and boiled Alcbachel uses

Kmkther of blood and diuretic.

And medicinal plants that have deteriorated today decreased continuously but what types exist, including almost

Fill the need, if used properly mismatch existing naturally in the country, including

Maisera on farms and home gardens, including those imported from foreign markets.

The multiplicity and diversity of these medicinal and aromatic plants and diversity of the different uses require us to

Knowledge of these plant species and its contents and benefits.

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.
History:

China:
Chinese is the most important people that have taken herbal medication in pre-

Date and Chinese medicine medical approach inherent in its philosophy and aggregates medicinal herbs is a book

Developed by Li Qin Chegn of the largest Chinese medical books plant contains about

Advanced in this area.

1893 and a prescription and is considered by the people of China from the World Medical Books. Today, China, Vietnam:

Close to the Chinese medicine only to have their views and trying to highlight the importance of forensic

There are forensic medicine department at their universities and set up the Institute of Medicine

Legitimate in Hanoi - 1957.

India:
At least the long history of Indian medicine and Chinese medicine mentioned in the Book of the Vedas the oldest books

Medical Hindi, a collection of recipes for the cure of diseases in this book more than

And others.

700 property of the plant is still used many of them so far Kallah, patience and turmeric Egypt:

Egyptian papyri shown on the progress of medicine, and found in inscriptions pictures of many of

Plants and medicinal herbs they used in the treatment of patients Kkchkash Handal

The anesthetic and others.

The most important papyrus Ebers Papyrus was written years 1550 BC. M. The recipe included 877
Plant.
Greeks:
The Greeks were philosophers and doctors they took what suits them from Egyptian medicine and developed medical

Hellenic their own doctors and months Greeks: Hippocrates - Theofrasts -

Yousefurides and a surgeon of the Emperor Nerottn move with the army and collect herbs and plants

Many 75 BC. M. The drugs residence still in use now.

Arabs:
Known as the peoples of Mesopotamia, many medicinal plants and recipes popular first return

Botanical garden of medicinal plants to the reign of Assyrian King Merdak Powen 720 BC. M. In which

Planting more than 60 species of medicinal plants and Sumerians knew sesame oil.

Has been active science and the translation after the stability of the Islamic State In the era of safe was

Rewards scientists generously to meet their translations and activities of scientific excellence and the most famous

Arabs and Muslims:

1 - Geber:
Months chemical Arab said in his book some of the toxins and plant Kalpnj Handal.

2 - Abu Bakr al-Razi:
The most famous scholars of medicine and chemistry from the famous book written by Mansouri who gave him to

Amir Mansour Khorasan and translated into Latin as well as a book containing that has been taught in the Faculty of

Medicine in Paris until the year 1394.

It is his classical: if you can deal Stay away from food, medicine and if

Can be treated with the antiviral drugs so as to prevent one of the most complex of the drug.

Ibn Sina:
Poet and philosopher, scientist, physician, astronomer and engineer and music from the months of his law

In medicine, which is five parts and twenty volumes under the reference to the early eighth century

XI. Shows the Ibn Sina collection requirements various parts of the plant medical and stresses I

Sina says a scientific fact for wild medicinal plants are stronger than Albesatnep.

Ibn Al-Bitar:
The most famous Arab doctors and has a well known book for the whole vocabulary of medicine and food poured years

Bitar in this book in 1400, including 300 drug is not known in the literature of other translated book

Into Latin, French and German adopted Ibn al-experimental approach and record

Drug names in many languages translated from the Hellenic and Dikurides Janius and display a combination of

Views.

David Ben Omar Antioch:
He was a doctor and left a book in the salary of the medical drug plant, according to letters of the alphabet.

Eboumansour and other Arab doctors who have been Baataiwila in this area.

Classification of medicinal plants

Management division of plants

Medicinal use of plants


Classification of medicinal plants used

Plants containing alkaloids

Alkaloidal materials nitrogenous organic base found in plants in all its parts, as in the

Datura, or in the bark, as in the pomegranate, or in the roots as in the belladonna, or in the fruits and

In black pepper.

And a variety of alkaloids may be in for some salts of organic acids or be united with the

Some acidosis - including: Alayevidsis and Alcabsien and Narcotin and atropine and Alimociec

The Albafarin and others.



Plants contain Gelokoseidat and Saboninat:


Algelokosid means an organic compound Eetmio or decompose by acids or enzymes generating it

Glucose and Algeloko women close to the single sugars and Algelokoseidat

Alomijaddalin and Alsnalin and Alsabonin.


Plants contain mucilages and gums and milk plant:


Mucilages: several articles of which are sugars in the plant storage


Vegetable milk: liquid, white or yellow mixture of protein and sugar and glues and alkaloids.

Gums materials characterized by absorbing water and transferred to the emulsion or a sticky substance does not ferment

Yeast and soluble in alcohol and extracted from gum arabic.


Medicinal plants that contain resins and Plasm and Taninat:

Materials installed Kamiaoy complex disputes resulting from the oxidation of various articles of aromatic oils

Are not on the surface of bark.

And Altanitat substances produced and have the ability to unite with the proteins and prevent degradation.

Aromatic Plants: Contains essential oils

Evaporate the oils when exposed to air and have a taste unpalatable and the smell of a strong, aromatic

Extracted from plant tissue without changing composition helps expel gas from the

Intestine, stomach, and remove the puffiness.


Aromatic plant: containing fixed oils or fats.
The distinction of being does not evaporate or volatilize and can not be separated otherwise volatile oils and these oils are close to

Of animal fat in the chemical structure of these oils and oils Majafavh and a half Majafavp

And non-Majafavp Almajafavp and fats, and linseed oil and safflower oil, poppy, suck

Majafavp oxygen and half corn oil, sesame, sunflower and other oil Almajafavp

Olive, castor and peanut oil.

Poisonous plants:

There are plants useful to the medical Attarine Therefore, it is necessary to know these plants and their properties

And specifications and how to deal with it.

Partition management

Plants shots:
Track - carob - caraway - Cocoa - Onions - Thermos - artichokes, vegetables and fruits in general.

Chbant - ginger - cinnamon - black pepper - Zalloua - parsley - Hkouria.

Plants disinfectant:

Thyme - camphor - Hibiscus - Balls - basil - garlic.

Plants of the chased worms:

Pomegranate - lupine - Khobbeizeh - Chamomile - Chamomile - Hermel - coriander - Handal - Hibiscus.

Plants sedative:

Poppy - hemp - Datorp - cloves - garlic - cumin.

Plants Molina:

Snamky - Castor - Ktmip - Handal - cactus - licorice.

Stimuli:
Tea - Ben - Mint - saffron.

Expelling of the gases:
Anise - Mint - cumin - caraway - coriander - basil - Mérimée - fennel.
Tonic for the heart:
Onion Ansal - lupine.

Uses of medicinal plants

Chamomile:


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Medical uses:

Boiled dry flowers used in the following:

Drink for the morning useful in colds and tonic for the body and a tonic for digestion.

Useful in cases of fever Kmkhvd heat.

To activate the blood circulation.

Tranquilizer and appetizing.

Disinfectant is used for the treatment of anal Khaknp dysentery, constipation, and prostate.

Urinary tract infections.

Is used only when necessary as doing it too much cause severe mood dizziness, insomnia and headaches, tendency to vomit.

Emulsion flowers used Cgrgerp to treat tonsillitis and mouth ulcers and eye wash infected Balrmd.

Use of powder and soaked:

Uses soaked in hair washing to prevent the fall like doves, as well as hot for the feet for the treatment of fungal infections between the toes and to treat headaches.

Uses crushed Kpodrp-inflammatory lesions.

To spray for the treatment of sprains and bruises.


Saffron Plant

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Use the active substance in the flower powder is used as a drink either a diuretic or tonic

Of cases of ED for men

Anti-pain and menstrual cramps and remover

Its use is not recommended for pregnant women, which causes abortion

And use the past in the manufacture of perfumes and food coloring and open the appetite and improve digestion and paint

For rheumatism.


Cummins plant

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Active substances:

Cumin fruits contain the volatile oil has a pungent aromatic odor and distinct and oil is made up of a substance

Called aldehyde, cumin, and Vilanderin article somewhere.

It is used repellent gas and housing for colic.

Medical uses:

Powdered fruit.

Used as a spice important precursor to appetite as interference in the preparation of curry powder in the manufacture of some types of bread and pastries.

Yield of milk and helps to digest and produce milk mixed with honey in a few grams of powder and gives nursing.

Cumin oil repellent uses of the gases and the residence of the colic.

Be added to the diet of animals and horses to open the appetite.



Sage

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Medical uses:

Dry leaves used to treat gastric disorders and the organization of the digestive process.

Uses soaked or boiled leaves to ease the pain of the gums and bleeding gums and inflammation of the tonsils

And the pain of the throat.

Sage is used to alleviate the pain of kidney and urinary retention are struggling race, and reduces breast

Breastfeeding after weaning.

Used as a spice in cooking and some of the food industry.

Dealing with colds and bronchitis and cough.

Reduce hair loss and raise blood pressure low.



Reehan

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Eat basil (leaves) fresh refreshing to the mouth and activates the digestion

Used as a spice as it takes a mix of crushed leaves and flowers with some herbs (such as dairy Hasa, marjoram)

Added to some cooked food Vicsabha taste (soup, sauce, power)

As seasoned by the meat and fish.

Boiling basil seeds in water used to treat chronic diarrhea or dysentery.

Used in the treatment of cough syrup.

Used as a treatment for insomnia and repelling gas and the treatment of cough, especially for children.

Diuretic and milk of lactating women and tonic for the heart.

Powder used herb basil plant for the treatment and healing of the boils and pimples and the pain

Injured head cold and alleviate stomach cramps, kidney and muscle Chjnatha.

Oil output of sweet basil (aromatic) is used in medicine as a main material in the preparation of

Medications to reduce the cases of agitation and nervous diseases, colds, bronchitis and diseases

The mouth and gums and teeth.

Works to stimulate blood circulation and treat some malignant tumors and benign ones.

El Kafory basil oil is used in the treatment of rheumatism and cold for an article by camphor.

Thyme

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Active ingredients: volatile oil found in leaves and flowering tops and contains volatile oil

Material Iimol effective and Article Carvkrol is going back to medical benefits, such as the expulsion of

Gases and the removal of colic also contains volatile oil materials Dabakp Once an impact disinfectant

The bib of the pain.


Medical uses:

Dry leaves used as a spice important in most homes.

Boiled leaves and flowering tops drink.

Cleanses the body breathe and anti-convulsions, and cramps gastro-intestinal tract.

Calm move gravel bladder.

Anthelmintic from the intestine and especially high.

Enter in the manufacture of toothpaste as Article Iimol a painkiller for toothache.

Thyme oil (soaked green leaves in the olive oil in a bottle closed for two weeks

To expel intestinal worms).


Hibiscus plant

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Contains hibiscus plant acids useful in digestion and the removal of the acidity of the stomach and contains

Large amounts of calcium and Ooxlat doing it too much harm because it contains Alooxlat

That deposition and renal stones are.

Eating too much drink hibiscus may damage the kidney because it contains oxalate deposition that

Be kidney stones.



Medical uses:

Soaking is used as syrups and drinks cold or hot, boiling.

Lowers blood pressure.

Useful in cases of colic and diarrhea.

A strong antiseptic and a murderer of the intestines which were characterized by microbes.

Obbagh used in the food industry as a colorant normally.

Introduces a valuable cosmetics industry.

Useful in the treatment of asthma, arthritis and gout.

Moist and tonic and the digester



Coriander plant

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Active Ingredients: Contains the fruits of the coriander aromatic volatile oil contains a type of alcohol

Named Inalol Alsnobrin and repellent uses of gases and the residence of the colic and also contains a

Article Benin.


Medical uses:

Seeds and oil.

Seeds are the spice of household light appetite.

Intervention in many food industries Kalcari.

Seed powder used medicinally repellent gas and the residence of the anti-colic and vomiting.

Used in cases of migraine headaches, nausea, and mild cough.

For the spray to relieve joint pain.

In the manufacture of perfumes and soaps.

According drenched 25-30 grams in a liter of water for the treatment of indigestion.

To remove the smell of the mouth is worth 50 grams of coriander with 40 gram candy and ISV

Teaspoon of the powder after a meal with drinking a little water.



Mustard

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Medical uses:

To treat the cracks that exist in the skin of hands and Khcontha where massage and wash with soap

Mixed with a little mustard powder.

To treat infections of the mouth Balgrgerp a mixture of 15 grams of mustard powder with half a liter of

Lukewarm water.

Dealt with a grain or two of mustard morning before eating for days and saves the person from hardening

Avoid damage to the arteries and high blood pressure and the use of moderately improves appetite

And helps digestion and expel gas.

Kmqi used to expel the contents of the stomach in the case of intoxication.

In the case of stomach ache developed to spray seed powder with water above the top of the stomach and abdomen.



Aniseed (Alonison)

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Aniseed oil repellent gas because it contains large amounts of volatile oils.

In addition to the facilitators to prevent colic

Boiled fruit-machine of phlegm, coughing and useful in the treatment of some types of headaches and shortness of breath.

A powerful stimulant for the digestive system and appetizing.

Useful in the treatment of colic caused by poor digestion.

Used to generate menstruation as a stimulant of the uterus and is useful in the treatment of ascites and the weakness of the kidneys and spleen.



Oregano

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Leaves and seeds contain the volatile oil, is used by steam distillation and contains

Oil on several active substances such as Ithalol, Details for Trbinol.

Medical uses:

Spices: Use fresh leaves Amaalslatp and some food or used Mgrochha

With dried flowers is used in seasoning meat and poultry.

Oil: used in:

Manufacture of soap and perfume.

In preserving and canning food.

It works ointment (Vaseline juice with 50 grams Medical offense to 30).

Paint the affected joints rheumatism.


Impregnated sheets in boiling water used drink in the following cases:
.
In cases of dysmenorrhea and remove the pain.

Reduce the cases of colds and coughs.

Lowers blood pressure and bearing yellow and the urine.

Tonic for digestion and laxative.

Repelling gas.



Caraway plant

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Mature seeds contain oil, caraway pilot, which contains traces of Carvon

And limonene, and protein and an aide to digestion repelling gas and the residence of the colic.

Medical uses:

Caraway is used in three ways, either a hot drink or dry seeds or oil.

Caraway and drink uses Khaspllotefal after sweeten with sugar or honey, milk Krdap

To relieve the pain of the stomach and expulsion of gases and relieve colic.

Increases the secretion of the stomach and prevents swelling.

Helps to produce milk after birth.

Used in the cleansing and infections of the Interior.

Attend the drink a teaspoon of seeds to a cup of boiling water and drink it twice

Today.

Use dry seeds after mixing with honey and cream to treat respiratory diseases

And stomach.

Add caraway in the manufacture of pastries and sweets and carbonated drinks.

Add the smell of soap.

Mix oil with caraway oil, dill, fennel, mint and drink provided for children to drive

Gases and the treatment of colic.

Caraway oil, used to relieve the pain of rheumatism in the joints and muscles.


Celery

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Celery is used in power and added to food to give flavor and taste which removes gases

Shrinking and loosening the muscles and calms the pain.

Used in cases of cramps, sciatica and is useful in cough and shortness of breath

Disorders of the liver and generates urine and menstrual blood.

Useful in the treatment of rheumatism, gout, nervous weakness.

Useful in inflammatory kidney, but reduces the milk so it is advisable not to give it to the mothers during

Breastfeeding, or provision of children because it may harm the baby.



Ginger

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Medical uses:

To calm the severe coughing

Stimulate bile

To diuresis and de-worming and treatment of diarrhea

Rinse used externally to treat inflammation of the gums

Adrar and ease menstrual pain

To address the flu and gastro-intestinal tract

Used externally to heal wounds and treatment of

Used as a spice in the processing of foods and added to the types of jam and candy




Lemon leaf

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Lemon is one of the richest fruits contain vitamin c shield scurvy

The symptoms of this disease, headache, general weakness of the body and poor digestion and erosion of teeth

And the inflation limbs and joints and contains lemon vitamin B also contains lemon juice

A high proportion of Citrine, which works to strengthen the walls of blood vessels has

The ancient Egyptians used it to strengthen the gums and kill microbes that cause rot and so on

Through massage every single day.



The gargling juice can be used in the treatment of inflammation of the larynx after diluted with water.



Lemon juice for an effective impact in the treatment of gout (disease of kings) If melting salts deposited in the

Joints also benefit in the treatment of rheumatism, headache, heat stroke, and compresses it works

On the front.



Lemon tonic for the liver and kidneys, one of the most important natural resources to supply the body with vitamin c

Where the body can not store large quantities of this vitamin.

Lemon peel is aromatic smell nice and it is the preparation of perfumes and eau de cologne and uses

Nourishing and restorative repellent and Gas The oil extracted from these crusts come in the pharmaceutical industry

Expelling the worms.

Lemon generally active muscle, which helps to resist fatigue and cold, and destroy bacteria

Particular bacterium which kills thyroid. And lemon juice in some net harm

Often must be diluted with water.

Juice with lukewarm water in the morning on an empty stomach has many benefits it.

Prepared to expel toxins from the liver and protect cells in the body.

Expulsion of worms from the intestine, so soak TeeLynne complete all its contents in water for

Two hours and then crushing and liquidate and add honey and drink it before bedtime.

Weight Loss soaked little latency in boiling water with cut lemons, and leaves throughout the

Night, and drink in the morning on an empty stomach and to treat swelling of the stomach and intestines taken from 5-10 points

Lemon juice and mix with a little honey.

To stop the bleeding nose fills the nose with a piece of cotton soaked in lemon juice.

Cough: 2 to put lemon in boiling water on the fire for ten minutes, squeeze and filter

Juice in a cup with about two tablespoons in a small case of inflammation of the trachea.

The lemon is very useful for the skin especially oily skin because it cleans and nourishes the tissues and makes

And hold together much as it is effective against the large pores.

Used in the work of a face mask by mixing lemon juice, egg whipped egg wash

Skin well and dried, and painted face mix while leaving a space around the eye area to leave this

Mix on the face for a quarter of an hour to dry wash the face after that warm water to

Use a piece of cotton for cleaning.

Lemon juice is very useful for the scalp massage, therefore, juice and then wash with warm water.

Lemon constriction of blood vessels is useful in healing the wounds and sores that wash

And festering wounds lemon juice.




Apple

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Part used the apples:

- Used to treat cases of chronic diarrhea and severe cases of children, especially in the summer.

- Used to treat influenza and pneumococcal disease, however, that the intestine and cut apple Bakchorha 2-3

Boil in a liter of water for a quarter of an hour and drink this by boiling 4-6 cups a day.

- For the treatment of rheumatism and diuresis treatment of gout boiling 30 grams of apple peel

About a quarter liter of water and drink by 4-6 cups a day.

- For the treatment of cough caused by inflammation of the throat and hoarseness.

- Using Juice Kdhan to strengthen the skin and ciders described for many diseases such as anemia - weakness - hardening of the arteries - gout - liver diseases - Urology.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Ministry of Higher Education
University of Northern Border
Faculty of Engineering
EA










Search for Medicinal plants in K.S.A




Student Name: Uthman Ali Ayed Al-tarfawi

University ID: 1000014






The supervision of Dr. Ahmed Shehata
















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عدد المساهمات : 27
تاريخ التسجيل : 12/04/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: بحث بالغة الانجليزية عن النباتات الطبية والعطرية =Medicinal and aromatic plants   الأحد يوليو 24, 2011 7:52 am

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بحث بالغة الانجليزية عن النباتات الطبية والعطرية =Medicinal and aromatic plants
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